Telmo Pereira

Grant Type

Post PhD Research Grant

Institutional Affiliation

Algarve, U. do

Grant number

Gr. 9296

Approve Date

April 19, 2016

Project Title

Pereira, Dr. Telmo, U. do Algarve, Faro, Portugal - To aid research on 'EcoPLis--AdP: Human Ocupations in the Pleistocene Ecotones of River Lis -- Abrigo do Poco'

Preliminary abstract: The coarse and dispersed information on the western-most Iberia does not allow a detailed understanding of the human behavior ecology and ecodynamics during the Pleistocene. That problem can only be solved with an innovative project focusing a region rich in multiple resources that is an ecotone between different landscapes and where can be found sites with long sequences and good preservation of organic material. One of these regions is the basin of the River Lis (Leiria, Central Portugal), particularly the Chitas Valley. Here we located dozens of caves and rockshelters, many with rich and stratified archaeological sediments. In 2015, we start excavating one of these rockshelters: Abrigo do Poço. We recovered hundreds of shells and charcoal fragments, along with lithics and fauna from the hard, ashy and high carbonated sediments taken from a 1×1 m2 testpit, excavated down to 0.6m. Among other things, we pieceploted every visible remain regardless the size with a total station, floated all sediments, and sampled for multiple analysis including phytolits and paleoparasites. From 2016-on, we will wide the excavation area and expose more of the stratigraphic sequence using our high-resolution protocol. We strongly believe that, in a short time, we will be able to produce data with the necessary quality to considerably contribute answering questions such as: What was the human behavioral ecology in western Iberia during the Pleistocene? How important were the rich karsic canyons linking the coast to the inland mountains? Were these specific ecotones refuges, especially during the archer times?