Spensy Kmitta Pimentel
Grant TypeFejos Postdoctoral Fellowship
Institutional AffiliationBahia, Federal U. of
Grant numberGr. 10364
Approve DateOctober 6, 2022
Project TitlePimentel, Spensy (Bahia, Federal U. of) "Remembering the 2nd of July ? afro-indigenous relations as an anticolonial strategy in Southern Bahia"
Afro-descendants and indigenous populations have a history of relationships that spans 500 years of colonization in various regions of Brazil. For a long time, a part of Anthropology considered these connections as responsible for “degenerations”, “distortions” or “cultural losses.” Recently, the topic has returned to the focus of research based on ethnographies dedicated to groups from the Southern Bahia — where the initial mark of colonization is located, in 1500. The film will show how this debate has intensified in the region, between the communities, realizing how Afro-indigenous relations were historically associated with anti-colonial struggles and can support the creation of new cosmopolitical networks between different movements — of indigenous peoples, quilombolas, peasants, fishermen. The film will be finished and released in 2023, the year in which the 200th anniversary of the Independence of Bahia is celebrated — a historical fact associated with black and indigenous struggles in the region, one of the few from which the Portuguese were effectively expelled by an popular uprising during the independence process. In addition to following key characters to illustrate these relationships, the film will interview black and indigenous thinkers from the southern region of Bahia who have stood out in this reflection.