Nicholas Garcia Johnson
Grant TypeDissertation Fieldwork Grant
Institutional AffiliationEmory U.
Grant numberGr. 10005
Approve DateAugust 26, 2020
Project TitleJohnson, Nicholas (Emory U.) "Emergent Citizenships: Chilean and Mapuche politics and belonging in the peri-urban Santiago (Chile)."
This study aims to answer the question: What new notions of citizenship emerge amongst diverse groups working across racial lines to establish viable neighborhood communities together? It intends to do so through a 15-month ethnographic study of Indigenous (Mapuche) and non-Indigenous (Chilean) cooperation for mutual survivorship through developing housing and organizations to manage shared resources in response to an inadequacy of city government’s neoliberal solutions to poverty in the peri-urban neighborhoods of Santiago, Chile. Unlike other peri-urban neighborhoods (Cohen 1978; Chatterjee 2003), Mapuche and Chileans have worked together to mutually overcome shared obstacles despite longstanding racial antagonism. This doctoral dissertation research will compare two peri-urban neighborhoods and their histories of intercultural community practices through interviews, archival research, and participant observation of neighborhood organizations, social life, and community participation. It will test the hypothesis that Mapuche and Chileans’ history of neighborhood co-management has led to the emergence of intercultural citizenship practices. Furthermore, these citizenship practices are influenced by residents’ broader visions of how political life should be organized in Chile, in contrast to the national discourses of neoliberalism (Rose 1999; Harvey 2005). Through testing this hypothesis, this study will contribute to indigenous studies, citizenship studies, and the anthropology of interculturalism.