Manuel Vaquero

Grant Type

Post PhD Research Grant

Institutional Affiliation

Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucion Social (IPHES)

Grant number

Gr. 9272

Approve Date

April 11, 2016

Project Title

Vaquero, Dr. Manuel, IPHES, Tarragona, Spain - To aid research on 'Upper Paleolithic Cultural and Environmental Changes in North-eastern Iberia: Archeological Excavations at the Consagració Rock-Shelter'

Preliminary abstract: Correlation between environmental and cultural changes is a far-reaching issue in Paleoanthropology. It has been suggested that population dynamics (migrations and/or local exctintions) were conditioned by climatic fluctuations. In order to approach this issue, the correspondence between the paleo-environmental and archeological records needs to be improved. Recent developments in paleo-environmental research have allowed a fine-grained sequence of Late Pleistocene climatic events to be obtained. However, the sequence of cultural changes has been mostly constructed from low resolution deposits that are particularly difficult to correlate with those high resolution paleo-climatic events. This problem is especially pronounced for the Upper Paleolithic period, which is characterized by a relatively fast pace (in geological terms) of cultural change. Therefore, excavation of archeological sites characterized by long time spans and high temporal resolution would be particularly useful. The aim of this project is to investigate the adaptations of Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers in north-eastern Iberia through the excavation of an archeological site meeting the cited above requirements, Consagració rock-shelter (Capellades, Spain). Consagració is one of the rock-shelters documented in the Cinglera del Capelló complex, a tufa formation in which several sites have been already excavated. Preliminary works carried out in 1985 indicate that Consagració has a ca. 15 m thick stratigraphic sequence, dated between 9 and 52 kyr BP, and at least nine archeological levels corresponding to the Upper Paleolithic. The two excavation seasons included in this project will be dedicated to document the whole stratigraphic sequence and obtain samples for dating, environmental analysis and cultural characterization.