Hannah Grace Hoover

Grant Type

Dissertation Fieldwork Grant

Institutional Affiliation

Michigan, Ann Arbor, U. of

Grant number

Gr. 10516

Approve Date

April 6, 2023

Project Title

Hoover, Hannah (Michigan, Ann Arbor, U. of) "Negotiating Difference: Investigating the Processes of Yamasee Nation-Building in South Carolina, ca. 1695-1715"

Negotiating difference is a fundamental challenge of all societies, variably producing conflict, cooperation, and/or multi-scalar change. I seek to understand the processes of these negotiations during group formation, a common way that Indigenous peoples navigated European colonialisms. My research is situated among the Yamasee, a broadly multiethnic Native community who lived in South Carolina, ca. 1695-1715. During this period, they became prominent British allies in the Indian slave trade while experiencing rapid community growth. I use the framework of coalescence’the process by which disparate communities merge’to emphasize this as a period of Yamasee nation-building in which Yamasee negotiated internal differences to ensure their homelands. Departing from traditional political-economic studies, I ask, how were the diverse peoples involved in Yamasee nation-building socially integrated? To answer this, I will compare household assemblages from the dual Yamasee primary towns of Pocotaligo and Altamaha. This will require (1) summer 2023 field research at Pocotaligo; (2) collections-based research with Altamaha remains; and (3) multi-scalar analyses, to build interpretations from household, to town, to polity. This work is anchored in a multivocal praxis, and it emphasizes how settler colonialism has shaped the archaeological record and claims of Yamasee identity today.