Francisco Garcia-Albarido

Grant Type

Dissertation Fieldwork Grant

Institutional Affiliation

Pittsburgh, U. of

Grant number

Gr. 9996

Approve Date

August 26, 2020

Project Title

Garcia-Albarido, Francisco (Pittsburgh, U. of) "Archaeology of the Early-Modern Market Expansion into the Andes: Ports, Hunter-Gatherers, and Emerging Global Markets. "

This project examines how early-modern hunter-gatherers of the coastal Atacama Desert of northern Chile participated in the expanding mercantile market introduced by the 16th century Spanish Conquest of the Andes. Little is known about how native communities engaged with specific aspects of market praxis, particularly commoditization; a concept likely quite alien to native thought. This work focuses on how one native community transformed its traditional economy at the crossroads of market forces, local agency, and colonial policies. I will excavate and analyze the record of daily economic praxis generated by the maritime hunter-gatherers at Puerto Loa as their fishing village was transformed into an early-colonial port. Using faunal, botanical, pollen, phytolith, and biomolecular analyzes my project will compare late pre-Columbian and early-colonial native production, provisioning, and consumption within this port community to understand the negotiation of early commodification processes and its impact on local resources. My project contributes to ongoing discussions about the emergence of global mercantilism, colonial and cultural encounters, everyday economic agency and the nature of ports as essential nodes of early globalization.