Grant TypeConference Grant
Institutional AffiliationOxford, U. of
Grant numberGr. CONF-732
Approve DateSeptember 1, 2016
Project TitleIsidoros, Dr. Constantina, U. of Oxford, UK - To aid workshop on 'Arab Masculinities: Anthropological Reconceptions,' 2017, U. of Oxford, in collaboration with Dr. Soraya Tremayne
Preliminary abstract: Geopolitical events such as the 2011 Arab Spring and current European ‘migrant crisis’ have amplified dominant portrayals of ‘traditional’ Arab men from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) as dangerous Muslim ‘others’. These essentialist discourses and monolithic stereotypes persist from the Orientalist legacy of veiled and disempowered ‘Arab/Muslim women’ and patriarchal ‘Arab/Muslim men’ who perpetrate war, brutality, radicalization and misogyny. Such dehumanizing caricatures render illegible the social realities of gender relations and how the lives of Arab men and women intersect. We believe this is a crucial historical moment to critically engage with these dominant discourses–and to reconceive them–based on cutting-edge scholarship on Arab masculinities being conducted by a new generation of anthropologists. This workshop brings together a ‘new wave’ of ethnographic research that is innovatively disrupting the dominant discourses and conventional approaches to gender in the Arab/Muslim world. Such a shift reflects mounting dissatisfaction with earlier anthropological and feminist work that tended to treat Arab ‘patriarchy’ as timeless and taken-for-granted, thereby perpetuating hegemonic discourses of Arab manhood. We argue this is both outdated and out of step with much current gender studies research, not only in the MENA region, but in the Western academy more generally. In both cases, ‘crisis of masculinities’ discourses and the need to ‘save’ so-called ‘disempowered Third World women’ are being vociferously debated. This proposed workshop thus presents a vital opportunity to advance a new anthropological field of Arab masculinities studies, in which theoretical frameworks, ethnographic representations and methodological strategies will be reformulated. This vanguard event has a concrete agenda to re-engage MENA feminist anthropology with the anthropology of men and launch the new field of Anthropological Reconceptions of Arab Masculinities.