Christine Anna Mikeska

Grant Type

Dissertation Fieldwork Grant

Institutional Affiliation

North Carolina, Chapel Hill, U. of

Grant number

Gr. 10328

Approve Date

April 13, 2022

Project Title

Mikeska, Christine (North Carolina, Chapel Hill, U. of) "Feeding the City, Feeding the Gods: Animal Economy and Mobility at Bronze Age Hattuša"

This project investigates ancient urban animal economies at one of the earliest urban centers in Anatolia, the Bronze Age city of Hattu_a (modern Bo_azk’y), located near the modern city of ‘orum, Turkey. Despite the central roles of animals and animal products to a wide variety of urban communities and institutions in urban centers around the world, the significance and geographic scale of ancient animal economies has been minimally studied. As a result, our understanding of the earliest urban provisioning systems, which included complex agropastoral programs and geographically expansive economic networks, remains limited. Addressing this lacuna, my research seeks to provide a new understanding of urban animal economies through the targeted analysis of archaeological animal bones from the Middle (MBA) and Late Bronze Age (LBA) occupations of Hattu_a. Using the methods of zooarchaeology (i.e. the study of archaeological animal bones) and isotope analysis (i.e. analysis of the isotopic composition of animal remains), along with comparisons to historical and iconographic records, I investigate Hattu_a’s 1) specialized animal economies, 2) the geographic scale of provisioning, and 3) the development of the city’s economies as Hattu_a developed from an independent kingdom into the imperial capital of Anatolia’s first empire.