Zlolniski, Dr. Christian, U. of Texas, Arlington, TX - To aid research on 'The Global Fresh-Produce Industry and the Settlement of Indigenous Workers in Baja California'
DR. CHRISTIAN ZLOLNISKI, University of Texas, Arlington, Texas, received funding in April 2008 to conduct research in the San Quintin Valley in Baja California, Mexico. His study examines how the growth of the export-oriented fresh-produce industry has affected the employment opportunities and labor migration patterns of indigenous farm laborers who come from southern Mexico. He conducted participant observation and household interviews with Mixtec, Triqui, and Zapotec workers and families.
Zhao, Dr. Jianhua, U. of Louisville, Louisville, KY - To aid research on 'Making China's Second Generation Family Business Owners'
DR. JIANHUA ZHAO, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentuckey, was awarded funding in April 2011 to aid resaerch on 'Making China's Second Generation Family Business Owners.' This research is an ethnographic study of the processes through which second generation family business owners are constituted in China. It investigates the formation of a particular group of capitalist subjects in the political-economic context of contemporary China.
Zeder, Dr. Melinda A., Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC - To aid research on 'First Steps Toward Animal Domestication in the Taurus/Zagros Arc'
Preliminary abstract: This collaborative interdisciplinary research project examines the transition from hunting to herding in the Taurus/Zagros Arc (TZA), a region that stretches from southeastern Turkey to western Iran. Recent archaeological and genetic research indicates that by 10,500 years ago at least three livestock species (sheep, goat, and pig) and a number of crop plants had been domesticated in the TZA.
Yan, Dr. Yunxiang, U. of California, Los Angeles, CA - To aid research on 'McDonald's in Beijing: A Local Ethnography of Cross-Cultural Consumption and Global Change'
DR. YUNXIANG YAN, of the University of California in Los Angeles, California, received funding in May 2002 to aid research on McDonald's restaurants in Beijing, China. Through an ethnographic account of the consumption of McDonald's food and associated cultural symbols, Yan examined local transformations of Americana and the sociocultural effects of global capitalism in Beijing, engaging in current anthropological debates over transnationalism and cultural globalization. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2003 and February 2004 in Beijing and Shanghai.
Yanagisako, Dr. Sylvia Junko, Stanford U., Stanford, CA - To aid research on 'Made in Translation: Italian Family Firms in China'
DR. SYLVIA YANAGISAKO, Stanford University, Stanford, California, was awarded a grant in April 2006 to aid research on 'Made in Translation: Italian Family Firms in China.' Ethnographic research on Italian family firms pursuing transnational business ventures in textile and clothing production in China shows that their transnational business projects are incited and shaped by kinship sentiments and commitments. Commitments to family firm continuity and intergenerational succession spur projects of transnational investment, expansion, and diversification and shape management strategies.
Wright, Dr. Lori E., Texas A & M U., College Station, TX - To aid research on 'Dietary Inequality at Tikal, Guatemala: An Isotopic Study of Child and Adult Diets'
DR. LORI E. WRIGHT, of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, was awarded a grant in May 2001 to aid research on dietary inequality at the ancient Maya city of Tikal, Guatemala. Wright tested the hypothesis that the diets of both children and adults at Tikal were more strictly partitioned among social groups during the Late Classic period than during the Early Classic period. This was accomplished through stable isotopic analysis of tooth enamel and bone samples from human skeletons. Dietary signatures were compared with mortuary indicators of social status.
Wright, Dr. Patricia C., State U. of New York, Stony Brook, NY - To aid research on 'The Effects of Old Age on the Behavior of Sifakas in Madagascar Rain Forests'
DR. PATRICIA C. WRIGHT, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, was awarded funding in January 2001 to aid research on 'The Effects of Old Age on the Behavior of Sifakas in Madagascar Rain Forests.' The goal of this project was to assess the effects of aging on various morphological, demographic, and behavioral aspects of the sifaka, Propithecus diadema edwardsi.
Wirtz, Dr. Kristina, Western Michigan U., Kalamazoo, MI - To aid research on 'On Becoming Bilingual: Children's Linguistic Repertoires, Ideologies, and Identities in a Dual Language Elementary School'
Preliminary abstract: Bilingual education models often accept questionable assumptions about language and learning guided by dominant language ideologies rather than empirical knowledge about communicative practices. Assumptions include the idea that languages in bilingual contexts are experienced, used, and therefore best taught, as separate, monolingual codes, that second language acquisition ideally produces 'balanced bilingualism,' and that 'code-switching' and 'proficiency' adequately describe how bilingual and emergent bilingual speakers mobilize linguistic repertoires.
Woolard, Dr. Kathryn Ann, U. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA - To aid 'A Longitudinal Study of Language Ideology, Policy, and Practices in Bilingual Barcelona'
DR. KATHRYN A. WOOLARD, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, received a grant in October 2006 to aid research on 'A Longitudinal Study of Language Ideology, Policy, and Practices in Bilingual Barcelona.' Language ideology and practice in Barcelona, Spain, were examined in comparison to research in 1979-80 and 1987. Sociolinguistic changes were assessed along three dimensions of the relation between Catalan and Castilian.