Bailey, Andrea Marie, U. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN - To aid research on 'Sexual Coercion: Aggression Toward Non-Estrous Females and Strategies to Reduce Costs of Male Violence,' supervised by Dr. Craig Packer
Preliminary abstract: Sexual coercion is a widespread male mating strategy with fitness payoffs for males and costs for females. Though males seeking immediate sexual access typically focus their efforts on sexually receptive females, aggression against cycling non-recepetive (non-estrous) females is also common. These attacks are likely coercive, but because we understand little about sexual coercion in non-receptive females, we do not know if they function as punishment as part of a long-term male strategy to control female mating behavior.
Baird, Melissa Florence, U. of Oregon, Eugene, OR - To aid research on 'The Politics of Place: UNESCO, Heritage Discourse and the Epistemologies of Cultural Landscapes,' supervised by Dr. Madonna L. Moss
MELISSA F. BAIRD, then a graduate student at University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, was awarded funding in April 2008 to aid research on 'The Politics of Place: UNESCO, Heritage Discourse and the Epistemologies of Cultural Landscapes,' supervised by Dr. Madonna L. Moss. This study applied a critical heritage-studies framework to investigate the discourse that informs research, interpretation, and management of UNESCO cultural landscapes at two World Heritage sites: Tongariro National Park, New Zealand, and Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Australia.
New York U., New York, NY, Narges Bajoghli, PI - To aid research on 'Restaging the Revolution: Military Media and the Contested Legacies of Revolution in Iran,' supervised by Dr. Faye Ginsburg
Preliminary abstract: If successful, every revolutionary movement eventually faces a dilemma: how does the commitment to the revolutionary project get transmitted from one generation to the next as historical circumstances change? In the case of the Iranian revolution, from the 1979 generation to the present, different media forms have been critical indicators of generational sensibilities, from graffiti, posters, faxes and other 'small media' that characterized the early days, to work in feature film, television, and social media identified with the contemporary moment.
Bajracharya, Sepideh A., Harvard U., Cambridge, MA - To aid research on 'A Country of Hearsay and Rumor: Imagining the Nepali Nation Through the Politics of Rumor and Vigilantism,' supervised by Dr. Mary M. Steedly
SEPIDEH BAJRACHARYA, while a student at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, received funding in January 2004 to aid research on 'A Country of Hearsay and Rumor: Imagining the Nepali Nation through the Politics of Rumor and Vigilantism,' supervised by Dr. Mary Margaret Steedly.
Baker, Jennifer Lynne, George Washington U., Washington, DC - To aid research on 'NR2C1: A Possible Proximate Mechanism for Brain Enlargement in the Hominin Clade,' supervised by Dr. Bernard Wood
Preliminary abstract: At its core paleoanthropology seeks to explain how the defining characteristics of modern humans evolved. Traditional fossil-based research uses morphology to infer phylogeny, behavior, and life history, but only recently have researchers had the tools to postdict the evolutionary history of DNA and proteins. We can now reconstruct ancestral DNA sequences and generate testable hypotheses about the evolution of genes on specific phylogenetic lineages.
Bakker, Sarah Aaltje, U. of California, Santa Cruz, CA - To aid research on 'Ancient Moderns: Claiming Middle Eastern Christian Identity in the Netherlands,' supervised by Dr. Melissa L. Caldwell
SARAH AALTJE BAKKER, then a student at the University of California, Santa Cruz, California, received a grant in May 2009, to aid research on 'Ancient Moderns: Claiming Middle Eastern Christian Identity in the Netherlands,' supervised by Dr. Melissa L. Caldwell. This dissertation research examines debates among Syriac Orthodox Christians living in the Netherlands about how to be religiously, culturally, and ethnically distinct despite the narrative binary of Christian Europe and the Muslim Middle East that dominates the secular discourse of Dutch multiculturalism.
Balakian, Sophia Ann, U. of Illinois, Urbana, IL - To aid research on 'The Fraudulent Family: Kinship, Knowledge, and Uncertainty in Refugee Resettlement from Nairobi,' supervised by Dr. Alma Gottlieb
Preliminary abstract: In 2008, the US government instituted a DNA pilot program to assess 'fraud' in its Refugee Family Reunification Program. Over 80% of refugees 'failed.' While the US government took these results as confirmation of lies and deception, this research seeks to understand the social and cultural processes undergirding this social fact. In addition to genetic requirements, the Family Reunification Program rests on normative, US ideas about familial love and stable cohabitation.
Balasescu, Alexandru, U. of California, Irvine, CA - To aid research on 'Democratic Inclusivity and the Commodification of Islamic Dress in France: Unveiling Modernity in the New Europe?,' supervised by Dr. William Maurer
ALEXANDRU BALASESCU, while a student at the University of California in Berkeley, California, received funding in May 2002 to aid research on democratic inclusivity and the commodification of Islamic dress in France, under the supervision of Dr. William Maurer. Conducting 10 months of fieldwork in Paris and 2 months in Tehran, Balasescu sought to identify characteristics of the commodification of 'Islamic' clothing as fashion and to explore its social implications.
Baig, Noman, U. of Texas, Austin, TX - To aid research on 'Capital-extraction: Esoteric Islam, Counter-terrorist Surveillance, and Corporate Finance in Pakistan,' supervised by Dr. Kamran Ali
Preliminary abstract: Since the early 1990s, Pakistan's economic policies have been geared towards integrating unregulated money circulation with global financial networks by privatizing banks, developing capital markets, micro-credit lending, and attracting foreign exchange (Nasim 1992).
Aulino, Felicity, Harvard U., Cambridge, MA - To aid research on 'Transforming Death, Transforming Society: Palliative Caregiving Networks in Thailand,' supervised by Dr. Byron J. Good
FELICITY AULINO, then a student at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, was awarded funding in May 2008 to aid research on 'Transforming Death, Transforming Society: Palliative Caregiving Networks in Thailand,' supervised by Dr. Byron J. Good. In northern Thailand, the government, the private sector, and civil society alike are increasingly promoting home-based care models for the elderly.